Recommendations to the Governor for grants of commutations (time cuts) of sentences.
Removal and withholding of good time credits from inmates as a sanction for misbehavior or refusal to participate in rehabilitative programs.
Restoration of voting rights to qualifying felons.*
* See Restoration of Voting Rights for qualifications
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Most Wyoming inmates receive indeterminate sentences; that is, the sentence contains a minimum and a maximum. Both the minimum and the maximum sentences may be reduced by the earning of good time, which may be awarded by the Warden for good behavior while in the prison. Good time credits may reduce the minimum sentence by 1/3 and the maximum sentence by 1/4. Thus, the typical inmate becomes eligible for parole after serving 2/3’s of the full minimum sentence.
The Board has authority to remove or withhold good time credits off the maximum sentence for inmates who violate institutional rules or refuse to participate in rehabilitative programs recommended by the Court, Department of Corrections, or the Board.
Inmates with life sentences are not eligible for parole and can only become eligible if the Governor commutes their sentences to a term of years with a minimum and a maximum term, and they have served their minimum.
Inmates who are sentenced to life without parole under W.S. 6-10-301 can not be paroled nor commuted.
Inmates who commit an escape, attempted escape, or assist in an escape, or who commit an assault with a deadly weapon on an inmate, officer, or staff, are ineligible for parole on the sentence being served when that offense was committed. This includes inmates who committed escapes as probationers at Adult Community Corrections facilities.
If an inmate enters the WDOC custody and is immediately parole eligible, he/she will be scheduled within 90 days of arrival.
Inmates with minimum sentences of 15 years or longer will not have a hearing until 3 years prior to their parole eligibility date. This enables the Board to start familiarizing themselves with these cases. Offenders with Life sentences will not see the Board unless they request a commutation. Offenders may submit a commutation petition once every five years for the Board’s review.
The new policy regarding the frequency of review hearings became effective as of July 1, 2014. Offenders facing revocation will be heard by the Board for final determination, which takes place each month.
Inmates may request the presence of family, friends, or an attorney to provide pertinent information.
Certified victims are provided the opportunity to meet with the Board separately from the inmate hearing.
Parole is granted only with the best interests of society being considered and not as an award of clemency.
The Board considers whether there is a reasonable probability that the inmate is able and willing to fulfill obligations as a law abiding citizen.
The Board takes into account that sentences are usually imposed for the purposes of punishment, rehabilitation, general deterrence and removal from society.
Factors reviewed to make these determinations include social background and history, criminal record, facts of the current offense and its continuing impact on victims, institutional behavior and rehabilitative efforts, medical and mental health issues and treatment needs, and suitability of proposed parole plans to assure successful reentry.
Input from certified victims is always sought and considered prior to parole hearings.
Input from certified victims, prosecutors and judges is always sought and considered before making commutation recommendations.
Parolees are supervised by Agents of the Wyoming Department of Corrections. The Agents provide guidance and assistance to parolees for successful reentry, including employment, housing and required treatment or other programs, and monitor compliance with parole conditions through community contacts and office and home visits. Agents may structure additional conditions or, in appropriate cases, refer the case to the Board for revocation proceedings. Agents can have parolees immediately arrested when behaviors threaten the public's or the parolee's safety. Agents provide regular reports to the Board of all significant violations.
Parolees who are revoked do not receive credit off their sentences for time spent on parole, unless it is granted by the Board. They may spend the rest of their maximum sentences in prison or may be re-paroled by the Board.
Successful parolees are discharged from parole when they complete their maximum sentences as reduced by good time credits while incarcerated.
The Wyoming Department of Corrections contracts with community corrections boards and the private housing provider for the housing of probationers, parolees and inmates. The facilities are located in Casper, Cheyenne and Gillette. The facilities provide the Courts and the Parole Board an alternative to incarceration or traditional probation/parole supervision and provide a transition option for offenders preparing to leave correctional facilities. The Board may parole inmates into these programs or grant parole to be effective upon successful program completion. Offenders in ACC programs reside in the facility, but are required to maintain outside employment and pay room and board.
This program provides intensive supervision in the community for offenders considered a high risk and promotes public safety by increased surveillance and risk control strategies, including use of electronic monitoring devices and strict movement restrictions. The Board may parole inmates into ISP, or Agents may "enhance" parolees on regular parole into the program based on parole violations.
The ITU is a separate, modified therapeutic community within WSP and WWC that offers inmates an opportunity to learn responsibility for themselves and others through their involvement in treatment activities twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. There are 28 beds at WSP and 31 beds at WWC.
The ITU utilizes therapy groups, group meetings, Twelve Step sessions, and daily interactions to address:
The TC programs use a hierarchical model with treatment stages that reflect increased levels of individual and social responsibility. Peer influence is an important component of TC programs. Residents learn and assimilate social norms and develop more effective social skills through daily community meetings, work assignments and the peer group process. Daily interactions are used to cultivate a sense of community mission and mutual self-help. Under the mutual self-help concept, individuals assume responsibility for the recovery, personal growth and right living of their peers in order to maintain their own recovery.
CRC’s TC programs operate according to standards set by the American Correctional Association (ACA) and Therapeutic Communities of America (TCA); and professional literature by experts in the field.
Governor, but may be recommended by the Board.
The Board will consider commutation of sentence requests at regularly scheduled hearings. When a majority vote of the panel agrees a commutation may be in order, it will forward the case to the Governor for his consideration and decision.
Governor. In Wyoming, a pardon has the effect of restoring civil rights lost as a result of the conviction. The Board plays no role in the pardon process. Interested parties must contact the Governor's Office to request an application.
Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision) is known by the acronym ICAOS. It’s an agency that coordinates the legal agreement between member states, as authorized by the respective state’s Legislature. The arrangement provides for the formal transfer of probation or parole supervision from one state to another. Transfers of the geographic location of the offender and of the responsibility to provide supervision must meet compact guidelines, such as family residency, employment, or education. Wyoming’s participation in the compact enhances public safety through supervision of offenders in locations that are best for their habilitation. It is administered by Department of Corrections.